Intention and Motive

Intention and Motive

Intention and Motive

The intention is the basic element for making a person liable for the crime, which is commonly contrasted with motive. Though we often use the two terms interchangeably these are different in the eyes of law. While intention means the resolution of doing something, motive regulates the object for committing an act. The chief difference between intention and motive is that intention definitely designates the mental state of the accused i.e. what’s going on his mind, at the period of the commission of a crime, whereas motive implies the motivation i.e. what drives a person to do.

Definition of intention:

In criminal law, the intention is characterized as the conscious target that drives an individual to carry out wrongdoing, prohibited by the law, or that may bring about an unlawful result. The utilization of explicit implies that brought about the commission of wrongdoing communicates the intention of the suspect. 

In better terms, intention portrays the will or plan of a person. In this way, when an activity is performed deliberately, it infers the eagerness or point of an individual to do as such and not a mishap or slip-up, where he/she is totally thought about the outcomes, of the demonstration. That is the reason intention is the essential component to join the culpability. 

Regardless of whether the demonstration is submitted with a decent aim or an awful one. On the off chance that an individual accomplishes something intentionally and deliberately, which is precluded by the law, it will add up to the criminal obligation.

Definition of motive:

The motive process can be depicted as the hidden goal behind the commission of a demonstration that drives an individual's purpose. To put it plainly, it is the instigation, for example, the explanation, which actuates the denounced to take part in the crime. 

The motivation process behind a criminal offense is viewed as superfluous, in learning a person's blame, since it just explains the charged reasons, for acting or ceased from acting in a particular way. In any case, it is required for police examination and different phases of the case.

Key difference:

Basis of comparison  Intention   Motive
Meaning it refers to purposeful Action and conscious decision to perform an act that is forbidden by law.   it alludes to the ulterior cause, that induces a person to do or abstain from doing particular
What is it?Objective    driving force
Purpose  expressed   implied

Criminal liability 
it is substantial to determine Criminal liability   it is insubstantial to determine criminal liability



While intention decides if the denounced carried out the wrongdoing deliberately or inadvertently, the motive process addresses the inquiry, why the charged perpetrated the wrongdoing. Basically, rationale induces aim, in this way; the last emerges out of the previous. 

In each criminal case, the intention of the litigant is preeminent, on the grounds that, the blame or blamelessness must be demonstrated with it. Then again, the motive process doesn't assume a noteworthy job in deciding the blame or blamelessness.


eStartIndia Team

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