The impact of the COVID-19 epidemic has given several businesses access to a level of volatility and created significant shortcomings in the country's financial economy. To expand the business sector several financial packages were announced by the Minister of Finance as part of Atmanirbhar Bharat, which included the establishment of CIRP Proceedings under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code for a period of one year. Following the proclamation, dated 5 June 2020, the Ordinance entitled “Insolvency And Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Ordinance 2020” was promulgated with the introduction of section 10A suspending sections 7, 9, and 10 of Insolvency & Dismissal, 2016. ("Code") for the introduction of new cases of extinction of people affected by COVID-19, for at least six months, up to one year. Section 10A was introduced for the purpose of protecting corporate persons who are experiencing unforeseen circumstances, from being exposed to insolvency practices under the Code for a period of one year and also sought to prevent the RP from applying under section 66 (2) of the code.


1.    The amendment introduces the much-anticipated change needed in the debt repayment sector.

2.    The Minister of Finance said the amendments are timely and follow the Supreme Court's order "in writing and in spirit".

3.    It allows lenders to begin the process of resolving a bankruptcy, provided the company does not pay off its debts. Introduces an additional limit for certain classes of financial creditors, including the allocation of real estate projects, to begin the restructuring process. At least 10% of them or 100 such individuals must collectively begin the process.

4.    It enables a professional solution to require suppliers to continue to provide goods and services. This provision will not apply if the debtor has unpaid bills from such use at the time of suspension.

5.    It provides that the company will not be liable for any liability incurred prior to the settlement of debt default, if there is a change in the management or control of the company.

6.    Under it, the insolvency process begins with the appointment of Insolvency Resolution Professional (IRP). It states that the IRP must be appointed on the date the application is received by the NCLT, which will be regarded as the starting date for non-payment of debts.

7.    In the event of a failure by real estate developers, a loan resolution application should be submitted jointly with at least 100 buyers or 10% of their total value. The reason for adding such a limit to certain lenders is unclear. In addition, the consumer who wishes to start the process may not have the details of others assigned. FM clarified that the need for a lower number of home buyers at IBC has been included to avoid "innocent charges".

8.    The bill seeks to eliminate barriers and simplify the process of corporate litigation. It aims to protect new company owners who do not pay their dues from prosecution for past wrongdoing

9.    It enables a professional solution to require suppliers to continue to provide goods and services at the time of suspension. This provision exceeds the agency of the providers to negotiate and decide whether to extend the contract arrangement. It may also compel the supply of goods and services even if the supplier finds it dangerous or unsafe.

10.    In order to balance the rights of suppliers, it provides that providers must continue to supply only if their current fee has been paid. In some countries, additional protections are in place. This includes the right to demand payment confirmation, and the court's approval to terminate the contract in cases where the supplier indicates that proceeding will create difficulties.

11.    However, even after expectations, the overspend framework is not included in the amendment.


The changes announced in the Insolvency Act appear to be both timely, timely, and positive. In fact, in a given situation, they have a plan. Significant changes in debt repayment and liquidation are aimed at making the IBC more attractive, that is,

•    Limit implementation of IBC processes proposed from Rs. 1 lakh to Rs. 1 crore

•    New developments under the IBC remain suspended for one year (originally announced to be suspended for six months in March 2020)

•    The border begins to issue Covid-related debts

•    A framework for small, medium, and micro enterprises (MSMEs)

The changes announced on May 17, 2017, in terms of the Insolvency Act, i.e., Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (in short, IBC) may not provide immediate benefits but aim to increase the demand for long-term partners, to create a business environment be strong and resilient and strengthen business sentiment across the board.


The Central Government has announced the Ordinance of June 5, 2020, known as the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020 (abbreviated IBC Ordinance 2020) to amend the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016. This code provides for corporate conditions. The process of resolving corporate debt default. As mentioned above, in the meantime, it is difficult to find a sufficient number of decision-makers to rescue a company employee who is unable to pay his or her debt obligations.

As announced on May 17, 2020, the Government has seen fit to suspend under sections 7, 9, and 10 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 to prevent corporate victims who are experiencing unforeseen circumstances, being placed in debt default courts, the Code said for some time. In addition, it is deemed appropriate to rule out an error that occurs as a result of an unforeseen circumstance for the purposes of litigation under the Code. As Parliament is unorganized and amendments are necessary, the current Ordinance has been announced on 5 June 2020 to take effect simultaneously.

The Ordinance amended the IBC as follows:

a) The inclusion of new section 10A in suspending the implementation of the company's debt management process (CIRP), and

b) Amendment of section 66 which deals with fraudulent or improper trading by inserting subsection (3) to prevent debtors from initiating an application for non-payment of fees.


a) By inserting section 10A in suspending the implementation of the company's debt management process (CIRP). The new Section 10A provides for the following and will take effect from March 25, 2020. 

The new section 10A reads as follows:

“10A Except as contained in paragraphs 7, 9, and 10, no application to enter into corporate debt settlement proceedings shall be lodged, for any failure that will arise on or after 25 March 2020 for a period of six months or another period, not exceeding one year. from that date, as may be specified: Provided that no application will be made to commence the company's process of resolving the outstanding debt owed to the companies due to the default that occurs during the said period. To remove doubts it is made clear that the provisions of this section shall not apply to any failure under this section before March 25, 2020”.

•    Therefore, Section 10A replaces sections 7, 9, and 10 of the IBC as it begins with the words 'notwithstanding.'

•    It is a non-compliant and contraindicated provision provided for in sections 7, 9, and 10 which deals with the application by financial creditors, the application of active creditors, and the application of a creditor to the company respectively.

•    No debtor CIRP startup request can be filed with any automated-appearing on or after March 25, 2020

•    A period of six months that may be extended but not exceeding one year (e.g., the maximum cooling period will be one year according to the Ordinance)

•    Section 10A does not apply to default created under sections 7, 9, or 10 before March 25, 2020.

•    No application will be made to the CIRP of a company owed to the company for any misconduct at this time.

b) New subsection (3) of section (66).

The new subsection (3) of subsection (66) also provides for the substitution of subsection (1) and (2) and provides that no application may be made by a mediator under subsection (2), acknowledging misconduct when the company's debt settlement proceedings are suspended in terms of section 10A. Therefore, the decision-maker is prohibited from installing any IBC section 7, 9, or 10 for malfunctions included under the new section 10A where CIRP is suspended. It is expected that the momentum declared by the Central Government regarding the IBC and amendments to the Ordinance will come into effect by Notice.


Through the IBC process, we try to use legal instruments to address the most important business and economic issues. IBC as a structural change has a significant impact, which is reflected in the change in behavior between creditors, lenders, and other stakeholders. There is a need for improved IU infrastructure. Regular monitoring of the decision should be continued and there should be a response to the legislature. Strong timetables for debt settlement and the liquidation of banks can certainly be encouraging and provide the necessary impetus for economic growth. When used in a letter and in the spirit, it will give great impetus to the Indian economy, especially because of the timely decision and certainty of recovery.


Damini Nagar
B.A LLB from Indore institution of Law

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