Budget 2021 for Education Sector

Budget 2021 for Education Sector

Budget 2021 for Education Sector

The Ministry of education got a fund of Rs 93,224 crores in the Union Budget 2021. Of the total, the school education and literacy section has been allotted the majority of amounts with Rs 54873.66 crore, and the remaining Rs 38,350.65 crore has been allotted to the higher education sector. Last year, the government had given Rs 99300 crore for the education sector, with an added allocation of the amount of Rs 3000 crore for skill development.

The major takeaways for the education sector from Budget 2021 are:

  •     The National Language translation mission for translating policy-related information that would be available on the internet in regional languages. This is consistent with the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, which emphasized creating content and delivery of content in regional languages.

  •     The budget proposed for setting up regional national institutes for virology

  •     The National Research Foundation (NRF) to receive an outlay of Rs 50,000 crore over 5 years towards strengthening research and focus on the national priority trust area. Innovation and Research & Development are one of the six pillars of Budget 2021 together with, health and well-being, physical and financial capital and infrastructure, inclusive development for aspirational India, reinvigorating human capital, as well as minimum government and maximum governance.

  •    The Government proposed a portal for collecting information on gig-workers, building, and construction workers, amongst others.

  •     Also, over 15,000 schools will be implementing National Education Policy and act as a model for the rest of the schools. A 100 new Sainik schools shall be set-up.

  •    A central University in Leh shall be set up for accessible higher education in India.

  •     750 Eklavya Model residential schools in tribal areas shall be set-up. Also, Budget 2021 had increased the unit cost for each school from Rs 20 crore to Rs 38 crore. 

  •    The Post-matric scheme has been revamped and central assistance was enhanced for the scheme. Rs 35219 crore would be spent over the period of 6 years.

  •     The Apprenticeship Act is going to be amended towards increasing opportunities for students. It would be realigned for giving out a post-education apprenticeship. The training of graduates as well as diploma holders in engineering shall be trained under the scheme. The budget allotted Rs 3,000 for this program.

  •     Govt planned towards creating formal umbrella structures to make certain better synergy amongst research institutions, universities, and colleges supported through the Government of India. A Glue Grant shall be set aside for this purpose.

  •   The senior and retired teachers would act as mentors of school teachers and educators through constant online as well as offline support on subjects, themes, and pedagogy.

  •    CBSE Board exam reforms, as stated in NEP, would be executed in a phased manner to be effective from the 2022-2023 academic session. Exams shall move away from rote-learning and students would be tested on their conceptual clarity, analytical skills, and application of knowledge towards real-life situations, as stated in NEP 2020.

  •     A National Digital Educational Architecture (NDEAR) would be set up for a digital-first mindset where the Digital Architecture would not only support teaching and knowledge activities but also educational planning, governance, and administrative activities of the Centre and the States/ Union Territories. It would give a diverse education eco-system architecture for the development of digital infrastructure, a federated but interoperable system that shall make certain autonomy of all stakeholders, particularly States and UTs.

The Union Education Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank had praised the Union Budget 2021-2022 and stated his gratitude to Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman for giving a major lift to education. The Budget allocation for the National Apprenticeship Training Scheme (NATS), was considerably increased from Rs. 175 Cr to Rs. 500 crores. Also, it was apprehended that an expenditure of Rs. 50,000 crores over the coming five years for National Research Foundation (NRF) would offer a major boost towards Innovation and Research and Development. Furthermore, a big boost towards the education sector allocation of KVS has been increased by Rs 362.32 crore and allocation of NVS increased towards Rs. 320 crores and the allocation of sum for NCERT increased to Rs.110.08 crores.

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